Bloom’s Taxonomy which was discussed today was the first time I heard this topic. As we all know, taxonomy is a branch of science about classifications. But in Bloom’s Taxonomy, it is the classification of learning objectives within education. This theory defines three educational domains which are also greatly used the development domains of the child. These are Cognitive, Affective and Psychomotor. As we all know, Cognitive is the mental skills and dwell well with knowledge, Affective is the development in emotional aspect or attitude and Psychomotor is the manual, practical, and physical skills. In the cognitive domain, the group discussed a structure where there are categorizes that should be achieved first before passing to the next category. There are two versions but if you will look closely to it, it has the same categories except the last two top categories. I will discuss the newer version. Remembering is when a person recalls data or information. This can also be when an individual defines and describes the data s/he gathered. Next is Understanding, also called as Comprehension to the old version. Understanding is when an individual can explain his/her own self the meaning, translation, interpolation and interpretation of instruction. He/she can state problems and solutions on his/her own words. Applying is the part when a person understands the process; she/he can apply it when he/she is going to face the same situation as he/she understood or learned. After applying the knowledge, he/she can analyze on his/her own and can distinguish between facts and interference. In this category, a person is more capable of organizing and disseminating his/her knowledge. After analysis, a person can now master evaluation where he/she can decide on her own and can make judgments about the value of ideas. And lastly, he/she can create and build his/her own thoughts and actions to certain situations. I guess, the reason why evaluation goes first before creating because it is the step where the individual can assess and filter the process which means that there can be changes through the process of evaluation that is why after filtering the knowledge, he/she can now create new knowledge that he/she can pass through also.
The next topic was the Kohlberg’s Moral Development. There are three levels of moral development and these are Pre-conventional, Conventional and Post-conventional. Per levels, there are sub stages of each. The Level 1, also known as the Pre-conventional level has the first two stages. Stage 1 is about obedience and punishment driven. It is knowing what is the basic right and wrong. Wrong is usually punishable and the person’s tendency is to be guided by its moral action which is essentially always towards avoidance of punishment. Stage 2 is more on self-interest driven. The rights and wrongs are determined by what brings rewards to people and what people personally want. Other people’s interests are also included but only in a reciprocal manner. Level 2 is called the Conventional level. It also has two stages. Stage 3 is all about “interpersonal accord and conformity driven”. An individual follows norms because he/she will be labeled as a good person by his/her own and by the eyes of others. It is what the majority thinks is right is right by definition. This is basically deciding and following what is right because it is right. Stage 4 is more of authority and social order obedience driven. Here, being moral is ‘doing one’s duty’-showing respect for authority and laws and maintaining peace and order to the society. Laws are fully accepted and obeyed without any questions or arguments. The last level is called the Post-conventional Level. Stage 5 is social contract driven. At this stage, an individual has his/her own opinions and values to shares. An individual looks at the laws as should be respected but an individual also has the rights to supersede these laws if there come a time that it would be destructive or restrictive. Last is Stage 6 or the universal ethical principles driven. They say if a person reaches the last stage, he/she is probably reached the highest moralization and self actualization in values and morality. Stage 6 is when moral action is determined by an individual’s inner conscience. Moral reasoning is based on his/her own perspectives, views and moral decisions using universal ethical principles and laws and norms cannot define a person and affect its moral decisions and obligations.
If I were asked if what level of Moral Development I am now being an 18 years old lady, I would say, I am still at the Conventional level, stage 4.I still tend to be following the laws and obeying them without questions being asked because I believe that that will be the answer for social order in the society. Though I have my own opinions and decisions in my life, but when it comes to the larger unit, I tend to follow on what I think is right. This does not mean that I do not know how to stand on my own words but because I believe that at my age, I still choose to follow what is needed to be followed and it is important for me the maintenance of social order in my community. I still believe that in the years to come, I will be able to reach the highest moral development according to Kohlberg. But as of now, I would stay with the Conventional stage, level 4.